Although it is preventable and treatable when detected early, cervical cancer is killing over 2,000 women every year in the country, health professionals have said.
At a national forum in Accra, Friday, January 25, 2019, to raise awareness of the disease, about 10 medical doctors who spoke attributed the high mortality rate to reasons such as late screening and late detection.
They, therefore, called for voluntary screening and early treatment to help save lives.
The forum, held on the theme: “Cervical cancer prevention, a call to action,” was also used to sustain the momentum of public education and screening beyond January, this year, which had been set aside as cervical cancer awareness month.
It was an initiative of the Society of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians of Ghana (SOGOG) in partnership with the Samira Empowerment Foundation, the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital and other stakeholders.
In a presentation, an oncologist at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Dr Hawa Malechi, indicated that while people often wanted to see symptoms of diseases before seeking medical attention, cervical cancer posed no symptoms at the treatable stages.
"Once symptoms for cervical cancer show, then it has reached a very advanced stage that can only be managed and not treated and at that point, chances of survival is less than 50 per cent," she said.
Throwing more light on the condition, she said cervical cancer developed in a woman's cervix (the entrance to the womb from the vagina) and mainly affected sexually active women aged between 30 and 60.
Human Papilloma Virus
Dr Malechi, who is the first woman oncologist from Northern Ghana, said almost all cases of cervical cancer were caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), describing it as a very common virus that could be passed on through any type of sexual contact with a man.