President Nana Akufo-Addo says the government will do its best to implement the recommendations of the Emile Short Commission.
Speaking after the presentation of the Commission’s report on the Ayawaso West Wuogon by-election violence, President Akufo-Addo said government will assess it thoroughly.
“The findings and the recommendations that have been made will, of course, be given the greatest possible attention by me and the members of my government.”
In his remarks, the President also touched on the slim possibility of the report being made public.
“I am not sure in the circumstances of this commission, that this is a commission that will call for the issuance of a white paper on our part,” he said.
When presenting the report, Justice Emile Short expressed hope the recommendations will be implemented.
He told the President, “you will find the findings and recommendations useful in shaping important reforms for the future.”
The mandate of the commission
The terms of reference of the commission, which was constituted by Justice Emile Short, Prof. Henrietta Mensa-Bonsu and former IGP Patrick Kwarteng Acheampong was:
1. to make a full, faithful and impartial inquiry into the circumstances of, and establish the facts leading to, the events and associated violence during the Ayawaso West Wuogon By-Election on the 31st day of January 2019;
2. to identify any person responsible for or who has been involved in the events, associated violence and injuries;
3. to inquire into any matter which the Commission considers incidental or reasonably related to the causes of the events and the associated violence and injuries; and
4. to submit within one month its report to the President giving reasons for its findings and recommendations, including appropriate sanctions, if any.
Ernest Kofi Abotsi served as the Secretary to the Commission.
The Commission took testimonies of principal witnesses in the matter including the Member of Parliament for Ningo Prampram, Sam George; Commander of the National Security SWAT team DSP Samuel Azugu; and NDC Parliamentary candidate, Delali Kwasi Brempong.
The Commission interviewed over 20 witnesses and persons of interest over a three-week period.
The hierarchy of national security in Ghana made appearances before the commission over the course of the hearing.
The first three testimonies before the commission came from the Interior Minister, Ambrose Dery; the National Security Minister, Albert Kan Dapaah, and the Minister of state in charge of National Security, Bryan Acheampong. The Inspector General of Police also appeared before the commission in its final week.
The Chairperson of the Electoral Commission, Jean Mensa was also questioned on the extent of the commission’s engagement on security matters in the by-election.
Some observers have been left stunned by revelations that highlight serious gaps in Ghana’s security architecture.
A number of critics have cited the lack of coordination at the top of the security hierarchy as a major failing.
The level of training of National Security Personnel was also called into question given the protocols observed on the day of the by-election violence.
In his appearance before the commission, a National Security personnel, Bright Ernest Akomeah, popularly known as Double, who was on duty at La Bawaleshie revealed he was recruited into the country’s National Security Council in 2017 after completing a three-week training programme.
Before the training, he said was a polling station chairman for the New Patriotic Party.
Some testimonies like that of DSP Azugu called into question the basic competencies of some security persons.
Many Ghanaians were shocked at DSP’s testimony and described it as inconsistent and riddled with lies.
DCOP Patrick Adusei Sarpong, the Accra Regional Police Commander admitted to the Commission that an officer with the rank of DSP or ASP was not fit to lead the National Security SWAT team.
Members of the Commission also visited the crime scene in the Ayawaso West constituency and the 37 military hospital to speak to one of the gunshot victims.
Concerns over non-prosecution
Some observers and critics like the New Democratic Congress have expressed dismay at the fact the violence during the by-election was not treated as a criminal case.
Article 280(2) of the 1992 Constitution notes that “where a commission of inquiry makes an adverse finding against any person, the report of the commission of inquiry shall, for the purposes of this Constitution, be deemed to be the judgment of the High Court; and accordingly, an appeal shall lie as of right from the finding of the commission to the Court of Appeal.”
Article 19(7) also says: “No person who shows that he has been tried by a competent court for a criminal offense and either convicted or acquitted, shall again be tried for that offence or for any other criminal offence of which he could have been convicted at the trial for the offense, except on the order of a superior court in court in the course of appeal or review proceedings relating to the conviction or acquittal.”