Ghana's unhappy relationship with the IMF
Irmo, SC August 11th, 2014
Last week, the Mahama government announced that it would ask the IMF for help in stabilizing the cedi and the economy.
According to the ECONOMIST, “Recently, Ghana has been living beyond its means. Public debt is rising rapidly and now tops 50% of GDP In official figures. Fitch, a ratings agency puts it at even higher at 62%, taking into account a revaluation of its foreign-denominated debt. The main cause is a yawning fiscal deficit which stood at 10.1% in 2013.” According to reports, “In 2012, civil servants wages consumed 70% of government revenue” and the cedi has dropped nearly 40% against the dollar this year alone.”
Reactions to the decision to seek help from the IMF have been varied and interesting. The opposition NPP appears to be for the move even while claiming that the IMF move is an admission of failure by the government. The Editor-in-chief of the New Crusading Guide, Abdul Malik Kweky Baako, who had earlier urged the government to accept advice from the NPP is now urging economic analysts to hold their fire till the package comes. As he put it, “we should wait for the package that will come out of the negotiation.” Really? Should prevention of a bad package not be our priority now?
Unfortunately, we have been here before. The IMF was around just before the Busia government was toppled by the “Yentua Archeampong government”. It was around just before Rawlings came again on the strength of “corruption and economic mismanagement”. It assisted the PNDC regime and hailed Ghana as an ‘economic miracle”. It assisted NDC I and the Kufuor administrations. Indeed, with the latter, we went on to issue the first Eurobond by an African country after South Africa. With each of these bail-outs and the hailing of “successes and miracles”, reasonable people had assumed that we had turned the economic corner for good—only to find ourselves in the same soup again. This particular one hurts especially because we have oil. If we were doing so well just before we struck the oil, why are we floundering once again—despite having oil?
With these repeated cycles of bailing out by the IMF, we must ask ourselves some hard questions.
• First, why do we keep needing help from the IMF?
• Second, is this present request for help meant to get more loans or to get policy advice—otherwise known as “apo” or knowledge?
• If public sector wages are this high, was “Single-spine” a mistake?
• Do our governments find it hard to accept advice from the opposition? Are we going to the IMF to listen to the same advice that has been offered by Bawumia, Akoto-Osei and others? If that is the case, why is the opposition applauding the request to the IMF instead of challenging the government to do what it must do?
• If the request to the IMF is for financial help, then what has happened to all the money that has been borrowed since the NDC returned to power in 2009? Sika no wo hen???
• Should we have been more welcoming of Archbishop Duncan Williams’ offer of prayers? While all these are important questions, the biggest question is whether we are indeed here because of mismanagement and/or corruption.
While there are global currents that are difficult to resist, we must carefully assess the role of the above in our predicament.
Might we be doing better if the NPP had won? Would the NPP also be asking for IMF bail-out? Would the economy be doing better?
Finally, even while we engage the IMF, we must begin engaging with one another on the fundamental causes of our under-development—bad leadership, corruption, an over-bloated civil service, an out-size “do-nothing” Parliament and an overwhelming focus on politics instead of policy.
Without these changes, a few years from now, another government of Ghana, regardless of the party in power, would be trotting to the IMF, cap in hand, begging for another bail-out even while our abundant human and material resources go to waste.
Arthur Kobina Kennedy